Buy cheap zolpidem 10mg
97% like it View all 1283 reviews $0.30 - $2.91 per pill

cheapest generic ambien in thailand


If the particles are spherical and monodisperse,and their concentration is so dilute that they neither attractnor repel one another, the frequency broadening can be usedto estimate the particle diffusion coefficient, d. Locke found ambien prescription expiration that the traces of copper contained inwater distilled in copper vessels was sufficient to destroy tubifex (one of theannelid worms) and tadpoles, while bucholtz states that the buy generic diazepam 10mg online in the uk development ofcopper 661bacteria is stopped by buy cheap zolpidem 10mg a solution of copper sulphate under 1 per buy cheap zolpidem 10mg cent, in strength.copper thus seems to have a very powerful poisonous action on certain livingforms and to be harmless to others, and the subject deserves further investigation. Lowest prices guaranteed, overnight shipping for us customers & worldwide delivery! Ingraver cases oedema and cyanosis of the face, with cerebral confusionhave led to collapse, coma, and death. The failure to bring one drug on the market can be absorbed byrd firms with a large and diverse product portfolio but many consecutivefailures may have dramatic consequences. However, there are no clinically relevant examples ofchanges in drug disposition or effects that can be clearly ascribedto changes in plasma protein binding (benet hoener, 2002).the idea that if a drug is displaced from plasma proteins it wouldincrease the unbound drug concentration and increase the drugeffect and, perhaps, produce toxicity seems a simple buy cheap zolpidem 10mg and obviousmechanism. The danger ofthe use of the green arsenical dyes, such as scheele's green (arseniteof copper), and schweinfurt's green, or paris green (arsenite andacetate of copper), is now generally recognized, but arsenic is still usedin the preparation of other colors, and these may give rise to poisoningfrom the imperfect removal of the metal. Mechanism influencing drug availability isactive transport of drug from the cytoplasm, mediated by a familyof membrane transporters encoded by the so-called multidrugresistance ( mdr ) genes. The best results are buy cheap zolpidem 10mg obtained inpartial paralysis, especially of the sphincters of the bladder or anuswhen all the nerve fibres are not degenerated, and also, when an inflammatory stage is passed, for it may increase the buy cheap zolpidem 10mg irritation ofnerve tissues. Atropine is used as a stimulant buy cheap zolpidem 10mg in buy cheap zolpidem 10mg variousconditions of depression of the brain and medulla oblongata. For some years the view buy cheap zolpidem 10mg hasprevailed that exophthalmic goitre, or graves' (basedow's) disease, arises froman excess of the specific secretion of the gland being poured into the generalcirculation, and a good deal of ingenuity has where to purchase ambien in the uk been employed in showing that thesymptoms of graves' buy cheap zolpidem 10mg disease may be induced by the administration of thyroidextracts. 443).salicylate circulates in the blood as the sodium salt, and is said toaccumulate in large quantities in the cavities of the joints, being takenup from buy cheap zolpidem 10mg the blood by the synovial membranes and secreted into thesynovial fluids; this has been supposed to explain its action in acuterheumatism, buy cheap zolpidem 10mg but has not been confirmed. When appliedto the skin in the form of very concentrated solutions or ointments, buy cheap zolpidem 10mg it softens and removes the horny layers buy cheap zolpidem 10mg of the epidermisbut does not attack the deeper ones. 21 (p. Now my gut says it is not a good idea to take with a high blood pressure medicine. But on examinationthese have generally proved to be mixtures of atropifte, hyoscyamine andhyoscine. Menstrua and mechanical remedies.oleum theobromatis (u.), cacaobutter, a fixed oil expressedfrom the seeds of theobroma cacao, forms a yellowishwhite solid having afaint, agreeable odor and a bland, chocolate taste. In general, purchase ambien 10mg in japan the main functions in the team are represented byexperts in: a stable emulsion can be redispersed homogeneously to buy cheap zolpidem 10mg itsoriginal state with moderate shaking and can be poured at anystage of its shelf life. Impotence treatment, by centering specifically on a man’s ability to engage in intercourse, seems to ignore other aspects of sexuality and slights the partner's satisfaction in a sexual relationship. If you have not worked for you in 12 months, is unlikely to work for you. Moreand more companies are using electronic pbrs to capture thedata collected during the production process. I hope to learn from many fellow servants of God buy cheap zolpidem 10mg here, and hopefully serve where there is need according to my calling. Codeine is used almost exclusively to allay cough insuch diseases as pulmonary tuberculosis or bronchitis. Propecia, or who cannot take it due to its side effects, the surgical hair restoration is just as effective. Now the removal ofthe parathyroids in dogs (on which the experiments have generallybeen performed) leads to a series of symptoms arising from the centralnervous system, and these are not affected by thyroid medication.when the thyroid alone is removed, the symptoms are relieved byeither thyreoglobulin or thyroid extract, and the former thereforerepresents the whole therapeutic virtues of thyroid extract, althoughit is possible that the gland may have other functions than secretion.thyroid preparations are thus used to replace the secretion of thethyroid gland, when it is deficient from any cause. Although weak solutions de-compose at the same absolute rate as stronger ones, the weakerthe solution, the greater the proportion of active ingredient buy cheap zolpidem 10mg de-stroyed in a given time; buy cheap zolpidem 10mg i., the percentage zolpiem review of decomposition isgreater in weaker solutions. And it is found thatunder ergotoxine, an buy cheap zolpidem 10mg alkaloid which antagonizes the action of adrenalinein some organs, the muscle remains active though the receptor on whichadrenaline acts is paralyzed. The purpose is to ease the stage of going imder theanaesthetic and also to permit a smaller amount of the same tobe used. Consult a doctor for an extended understanding of the possible risks involved with taking Acyclovir. We clarified the distribution of neuronal nitric oxide synthase positive nerve fibers around the prostate and factors contributing to fiber quantity. Samadi,david samadi,fox 5,fox news,good day new york,good day ny,mt. Started to work in 30 where to buy ambien in the uk online minutes for some men who took 20 mg of 36-hour. Symp-toms of such severity are rare, however, and in milder cases only theskin necroses. Tadalafil did not showefficacy in slowing the decline in ambulation as measured by the primary 6minute walk distance(6mwd) endpoint: (18 fl.0 cc.senna (u.), senna alexandrina (b.), the leaflets of cassia augustifolia and acutifolia trees growing respectively in india and africa. Fda approval for the medical indication first, rather than the cosmetic one. These symptoms may be followed bygreat muscular weakness, apathy, collapse, and buy cheap zolpidem 10mg eventually coma anddeath. In the pharmaceutical industrycontinues unabated. — the action on the circulation is extremely complex,as a number of factors are involved. When the distribution of the nitrogen isexamined, it is found that a smaller proportion than usual is combinedin the form of proteins, while a larger percentage is found in the formof simpler bodies such as ammonia and the amino-acids. Thus, when atropine is applied to an irritated surface ofthe skin or to a mucous membrane, numbness is produced and the sen-sation of pain is lessened; no such effect occurs when atropine ointmentis rubbed on the unbroken order zolpidem 10mg in mexico skin and the local anaesthetic effect is notelicited by its buy cheap zolpidem 10mg internal administration. The development buy cheap zolpidem 10mg of internet has transformed the process of consumer choice, in every spectrum of market. The method of preparation and the dosage formto be administered is required. Before buy cheap zolpidem 10mg talking about transplanting your crown, i would like to focus on the last part of that statement. In combination with sexual stimulation, this medicine works by helping the blood flow into the penis to achieve and maintain an erection. Then, they dilate again, eitherwhen paralysis of respiration and buy cheap zolpidem circulation occurs, zolpiem prescription or when consciousness returns.owing to the great diffusibility of ether, it easily penetratesthe skin and mucous membranes, and causes local irritation;when cheap zolpiem in singapore its evaporation is prevented, it even produces blisters.when administered by inhalation, it gives rise to irritation of themucous membranes of the respiratory tract which leads to purchase generic zolpidem 10mg in houston increased salivary and bronchial secretion. Thus nitroglycerin has been advisedin heart disease and has accordingly been placed by some among theheterogeneous group of "cardiac tonics or stimulants." its bene-ficial effects are not due to any direct action on the heart, but to itsdecreasing the resistance against which the systole is performed. Straub holds that atropine opposes muscarine by retardingits permeation into the cell and thus producing the same result as if the con-centration of the muscarine solution were lessened.

zolpiem review


Any man with sexual dysfunction can return to a normal and healthy sex life. Dr.) i c.group of vegetable purgatives. The intelligence remains unimpaired to the last in manycases, although unconsciousness sometimes occurs, and death is gener-ally, but not invariably, preceded by convulsions. We investigated the prostatic urethral lift, a novel, minimally invasive treatment for symptomatic lower buy cheap zolpidem 10mg urinary tract complaints presumed buy cheap zolpidem 10mg to be from benign prostatic hyperplasia (bph), which aims to mechanically open the buy cheap zolpidem 10mg prostatic urethra without ablation or resection. Enormous quantities mayarrest both the heart and respiration at the same time.hydrocyanic acid forms a loose combination with the oxyhaemoglobin of the blood and decreases its oxidative powers.thus, the blood in the veins may retain its oxygen and lookbright red like that of the arteries. These symptoms disappear within forty-eight hours if the treat-ment is stopped or the dose reduced. The alcoholic, lactic andbutyric fermentations are retarded, or entirely prevented by quininethrough its effects on the organisms, but it is apparently devoid ofaction on some of the lower forms, for moulds (penicillium) growfreely in solutions of the salts; so that the alkaloid seems buy cheap zolpidem 10mg to have aselective action here, such as is observed also in its effects on the fer-ments of the higher animals. Somewriters have therefore regarded the colic and its attendant symptomsas due to a vascular spasm, and have supported this by showing thatnitrite of amyl, which dilates the vessels, also relieves the colic.another common result of chronic lead poisoning is 'paralysis, leador painters' palsy, paralysis saturnina, which is almost order zolpiem online in usa invariablylimited to certain groups of muscles, the extensors of the forearm.it is bilateral in many cases, but sometimes involves only one arm.the affection generally begins in the middle and ring fingers, whichcannot be extended, then spreads to the index and little finger, andafterward to buy cheap zolpidem 10mg the thumb and wrist. Ntg was not observed, although a few more tadalafil subjects compared to placebo experienced greater blood-pressure lowering buy cheap zolpidem 10mg at this timepoint. Dose as an emetic, 0., 510 grs.therapeutic usea. It was also used as a diuretic.it buy cheap zolpidem 10mg has no such action, but the crude drug, the broomplant,from which it is obtained contains a diuretic substance, scoparin.conium (u.), conii fructus (b.), green fruits of coniiun maculatum or poisonous hemlock, grows in europe, asia and africa, and contains the liquid, oily alkaloid coniine and also methylconiine. Avoid reaching the cream into the eyes and healthy parts of the skin. Do not take in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than buy cheap zolpidem 10mg recommended. The secretion of pan-creatic juice buy cheap zolpidem 10mg is reduced after atropine, and stimulation of the pneumo-gastric has no effect on it, while in the normal animal it acceleratesthe flow. Such cases occur after the accidental ingestion of toadstools instead of edible mushrooms.the basis of the treatment consists of the administration 6f thealmost exact antidote, atropine, imtil the symptoms improve, inwashing out the stomach, and administering a purge to removethe remaining mushrooms.muscarine is a strongly alkaline deliquescent alkaloid, very buy cheap zolpidem 10mg soluble inwater, found in the fly mushrooms, agaricus muscarius. Such differences in the solubility of the several solid phases may invalidate the usual arrhenius plots due to a change in mechanism as the phase changeswith increase in temperature. May improve a man's sexual abilities, but there may also be a profound cost involved. In buy cheap zolpidem 10mg dogs vomit-ing and dilatation of the pupil generally occur.antifebrine is more poisonous than antipyrine in both frogs and mammals,but resembles it in its general effects, producing first a more or less markedstage of lessened activity, followed by convulsive movements. Propecia can cheapest generic ambien 10mg online assist in preventing hair loss from the temples which is where many males first buy cheap zolpidem 10mg notice signs of hair loss so if you are considering this product, be aware of the specific areas that propecia targets (there is no evidence to suggest that propecia buy cheap zolpidem 10mg encourages hair growth in any other areas on the body either). Dose same as quinine.aristoquinine, another artificial derivative of quinine, white, tastelesspowder.group of acetanilid and phenol.this group comprises chiefly bodies extracted from coal tar,their derivatives and synthetic products, besides certain substances obtained from wood tar and also some natural buy zolpidem 10mg online legally depositshaving a resemblance to the first in composition and action.the use of members of this series to reduce fever temperaturedates back to the introduction of salicylic add in 1875. What I experience and learned through ONE Conference is how precious your youth group is. Medication is available to treat erectile dysfunction, including popular and advertised, and. Special information If you plan to buy Zovirax online, you need to know that you must avoid sexual intercourse when visible lesions are present. The dmf system applies to activeas well as to inactive pharmaceutical ingredients and to buy cheap zolpidem 10mg packaging materials. Thequality function is part of a team composed of research, produc-tion, marketing/sales, and customer service. Used instead of buy cheap zolpidem 10mg thiosinamine by subcutaneous, intravenous or intramuscular injection to removescar tissue from various parts of the body.cantharides division.cantharis (u.) consists of the dried beetles cantharis vesicatoria or spanish fly. Thechronic effects of alcohol are seen in the form of connective tissue26 constixnnonal organic drugs.formation and degenerations of different organs. He found that these epileptiform seizures buy cheap zolpidem 10mg were notprevented by the removal of the cerebral cortex in dogs, and that the irritabilityof the motor areas was not altered by cinchonidine, and therefore concludedthat the poison produced these symptoms by acting on some lower divisionof the central nervous axis. Amiloride, triamterene) can causesevere hyperkalaemia, especially if given buy cheap zolpidem 10mg with acei or sartan.rment. The intestine relaxes, while theuterus contracts powerfully.when it is injected hypodermically, the where to purchase zolpidem 10mg in the uk online skin and subcutaneous tissuesaround the point of injection become pale and anaemic and may be cutinto without bleeding, and when it is applied to a bleeding surface, thehaemorrhage is arrested unless some large artery has been opened. The blood-pressureoften falls for a few minutes at first from the direct action on the buy cheap zolpiem in mexico heartmuscle and then rises above the order soma tablets online uk normal from the acceleration when thisis marked. An important example of such a case occurswhen a long-chain alcohol is introduced along with an ionizedlong-chain substance. The following web browsers, with the exception of safari, are supported for these applications buy cheap zolpidem 10mg on ms windows xp and 2000. Started to work in 30 minutes for some men who took 20 mg of 36-hour. Adrena-line is lsevorotary where to purchase zolpidem 10mg in bangkok to polarized light; the dextrorotary isomer has onlyabout one-twelfth of the activity of the natural substance (cf . The secretion of lymph is not altered by atropine,so that it is probably not controlled by nerves in the same way as thetrue secretions.all organs containing unstriped muscle cheapest generic zolpidem 10mg (apart from the arterial wall)seem to be altered buy cheap ambien 10mg online with paypal by atropine. This is followed by a final re-view by qa to ensure that all documents are complete and thatall issues have been appropriately resolved.

order zolpidem online

Formerly mercurywas given by the mouth or by inunction, and apart from the specialclinics and the syphilologists, the internal treatment is still the mostpopular one. Several ofthese drugs, such as livalo, lipitor, crestor, zocor, pravachol,and mevacor, are now available. Pde5 inhibitors, tadalafil has mild systemic vasodilatory properties that may result in transient decreases in blood buy cheap zolpidem 10mg pressure. Massage of the muscles is also ibenefit.nephritis and gout due to lead poisoning are to be treated in thesame way as those arising from other causes.in lead works and paint factories, much may be done to buy cheap zolpidem 10mg preventlead poisoning by hygienic measures tending to lessen the inhalationof dust, and the contact of lead with the food.when symptoms of poisoning have appeared, the patient ought notto be allowed to work again, or at least only after a long interval.weak and anaemic men ought not to be admitted as workmen, andwomen are not to be employed in lead works more than is unavoidable.when applied to the mucous membranes and to wounded surfaces. Lead hasalso been advised in cases of haemorrhage from the lungs, kidneys anduterus, but is quite valueless zolpiem prescription requirements here, as it acts as a styptic only whenapplied locally. buy cheap zolpidem 10mg for best results these medications should not be taken with food. These symptoms ofexcitement at last pass away and the animals where to buy xanax 1mg in the uk fall on the siderelaxed, and die from paralysis of respiration.paralysis of the striated muscles and heart is a strikingsymptom in frogs, but not in warmblooded animals.apomorphine is excreted neither by the stomach nor bronchialtract, and in fact it is not foimd in any of the excretions. Frankie buss, son of another of vivian's ex-husbands, has buy cheap zolpidem 10mg arrived at hillside manor with his wife. Only very slight pressure is required and thewhole of the surrounding structures become swollen and cedematousand can be cut into without pain. One buy generic zolpiem no prescription failed tomeet pre-dose screening qualifications and the other experienced symptomatic buy ambien online next day delivery hypotension as amoderately severe adverse event 30 minutes after dosing with open-label tablet 50 mg. Association of spontaneous and dopaminergic-induced yawning and penile erections in the rat. Thus,oxalate solutions added buy cheap zolpidem 10mg to the blood or milk, or to the nutrient fluidfor perfusion of the heart, have the same effects as the withdrawal oflime. Lynge, icc's formand, samt sara olsvig, leder af icc formandens kontor, deltager i den forste uge, mens hjalmar dahl, medlem af icc's bestyrelse, deltager den anden uge. The differences between59s 8vb8taxces acting after absorptioxtheir effects are more in degree than in kind, and there seems noquestion that their ultimate action on protoplasm is of the same nature.it is to he noted, however, that there is no reason to suppose thatphosphorus owes its action to any of its numerous compounds withoxygen, while it is probahle that the oxides of arsenic alone are capableof modifying vital functions.the sulphur compounds of arsenic are entirely insoluble and are thereforenot absorbed ambien prescription no insurance as such, but it seems likely that small quantities of arseniou-acid are formed from them buy cheap zolpidem 10mg in the intestine by microbes. But always keep in mind to use the vigar pills after talking to your doctor. In a clinical trial that compared tadalafil 5 mg coadministered with finasteride 5 mg to placebo plusfinasteride 5 mg in the relief of bph symptoms, no new adverse reactions were identified. A reflection of sexual arousal and arousability in male chimpanzees. Noncovalent binding) of a drug moleculewith a macromolecule that plays an order ambien 10mg online with prescription essential role in the disease process, thenormal function of the macromolecule can be modified or inhibited. The maximum decrease in blood pressure occurred between 1 and 4 hours after dosing. When failure of respiration occurs from an overdose ofether, it may be overcome by stopping the administration of this when pure nitrous oxide is inhaled buy cheap zolpidem 10mg without admixture ofair, the patient passes rapidly through the s3nnptoms just described, then becomes unconscious, buy drug zolpidem 10mg online with prescription and after deep cyanosis,dyspnoeic and stertorous breathing, the respirations cease beforethe circulation.nitrous oxide imdiluted with air, produces atuesthesia somewhatsimilar to that obtained by ether. Thus horseserimi may be given in considerable doses without ill effects to aguineapig who has never received an injection of this substancepreviously. Calcium lessens the phosphates of the urine, and thereforeits acidity, by forming insoluble phosphates in the bowel, and thuspreventing the absorption of the phosphates of the food.the calcium absorbed has no obvious effects; constipation is ofteninduced by lime, but it is uncertain whether this arises from actionon the bowel neuromuscular apparatus, or is the result of the insolublecalcium salts buy cheap zolpidem 10mg forming a protective buy cheap zolpidem 10mg covering over the epithelium andthus lessening the reflex peristalsis (compare tannin group). Lipid-based nurture next to phospholipids have been shown to be tickled in ulcerative colitis patients. For the flesh has desires face giving back as in will of the flesh get these are opposite the one start a year before not only to do this but full of this grace in pain. Attention buy cheap zolpidem 10mg isalso paid to the health and safety of the operators and the impact of the buy cheap zolpidem 10mg production process on the environment. But no redness or swelling of the skin isinduced, nor are blisters formed, so that aconitine differs entirelyfrom the class of skin irritants (page 72). Today Abbott Design is a known and respected name in the established residential neighbourhoods of Toronto. The constriction of the vesselsseems partly due to stimulation of the vaso-constrictor centre, andpartly to a direct action on the vessel walls, for local application leadsto constriction of the vessels and blanching of the mucous membranes.it has buy cheap zolpidem 10mg not been determined as yet how far this direct action on the vesselwalls affects the blood-pressure when cocaine ambien without a prescription is absorbed or when itis injected intravenously. There have been rare cases reported where the possibility of such an interaction could not be entirely buy cheap zolpidem 10mg excluded; however there was no specific evidence that such an interaction had occurred.theophylline: every case in which lead is found in theurine is not necessarily one of lead intoxication, however, for it has beendetected in a number of perfectly healthy individuals.it is impossible at present to give any general explanation for thediversity of the forms of chronic lead poisoning. The oesophagus and stomach may beperforated, and this, along with the shock and collapse, often provesimmediately fatal, or if the patient recovers temporarily, the erosionsmay give rise to cicatricial contractions and death from inanition.hydrochloric acid and the stronger organic acids are capable of causingcorrosion of the mucous membranes, but this is not so extensive generallyas that following nitric and sulphuric acid. buy cheap zolpidem 10mg smaller particles diffusefaster than larger ones and buy cheap zolpidem 10mg therefore produce greater dopplerbroadening. The science which deals with the study of the action of drugsis called pharmacology or pharmacodynamics. The hospital environmentwith intensive and widespread use of broad-spectrumantibacterials is particularly likely to promote theselection of resistant diagnosis of bacterial infection confirmed– clinical symptoms/signsplus– positive microbiologytreat with most appropriate antibioticaccording to predominant causativeorganism(s) and sensitivities (includinglocal sensitivity patterns)consider– alternative (or additional) diagnosis– poor penetrance of antibiotic to site of infection– possible change in antibiotic therapyis bacterial sensitivity profile available?treat with appropriate antibioticis bacterial infection likely?no antibiotictreatmentconsider other measures (e. Se non si modificano le impostazioni del browser, l'utente accetta. Separation and characteriza-tion of molecules are sometimes possible today in a matter ofhours or a few days; only a decade or two ago, such work of-ten required many days, buy cheap zolpidem 10mg weeks, or even months. I began looseing weight, eating a good diet and slowly buy cheap zolpidem 10mg began looseing weight. Statisticalprocess control based on an understanding of process designspace permits improved real-time control, thereby reducingend-product failures. The exact nature of this action onbone and its relation to rickets and to osteomalacia must, however, beleft for further research to determine.phosphorus weakens and slows the heart when it is applied to itdirectly in the frog, or by intravenous injection in mammals. In full-grown animals the changes in thebone are much less buy cheap zolpidem 10mg distinct, but the lamellae of the spongy tissue aresaid to buy cheap zolpidem 10mg be thickened by buy cheap zolpidem 10mg phosphorus treatment, and in the buy cheap zolpidem 10mg fowl wegnerstates that the medullary cavity may be completely obliterated by thedeposition of hard bone.kassowitz took up the investigation some twelve years later, buy cheap zolpidem 10mg andobserved the layer of white dense bone described by wegner at the edgeof the ossifying cartilage, but he regards it not as the result of excessiveactivity of the osteoblasts, but as due to a slower absorption of the calci-fied cartilage from a less rapid extension of the bloodvessels than isnormal. Others are zolpidem and xanax airol (bismuth oxyiodidegallate), thioform (bismuth dithiosalicylate) bismuth phenolate, cresolate, orphol(/3naphtolate), xeroform (tribromphenolate), t annate y sulphocarbolate, dermol(chrysophanate), eudoxin (tetraiodophenolphtaleinate). World health organisation on wednesday nominated its current chief margaret chan for a second term at the head of the un agency. These particles, which aresmaller and lighter, settle slowly, once they have settled, theyoften form a hard, difficult-to-disperse sediment. A turning point in theera of modern lifestyle drugs was the launch of sildenafil citrate(tablet) in 1998 as a drug buy cheap zolpidem 10mg of choice for erectile dysfunction.there are as many different definitions of “lifestyle drugs” asthere are people involved in the discussion. There are no data concerning buy zolpiem online legally cheap the possibility of an interaction between ergot buy cheap zolpidem 10mg and azithromycin. Amyl nitrite has beenadvised in accidents during chloroform anaesthesia on the theory thatit would reliable place to buy zolpidem without rx benefit the circulation; but, as a matter of buy cheap zolpidem 10mg fact, it would appearstrongly contra-indicated, in these cases, in which it is true that theheart is extremely ambien 5 or 10 mg depressed, but in which the arterial tension is prac-tically zero.

Laisser une réponse

Votre adresse de messagerie ne sera pas publiée. Les champs obligatoires sont indiqués avec *